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Author Topic: Introduction - water and health challenges
sarahdicki-
n
Newbie
Posts: 2
Post Introduction - water and health challenges
on: December 21, 2011, 15:52

Millions of people, mostly children, die every year from preventable diseases like diarrhea that are associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene. This has far-reaching consequences for human wellbeing, capacity to work and go to school, and even economic development.
Improved access to sanitation and water produces economic benefits that range from US$ 3 to US$ 34 per US$ 1 invested, increasing a country’s gross domestic product (GDP) by an estimated 2% to 7% (Global Annual Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water, 2010).

What are solutions that can reduce the burden of illness linked to lack of safe water and sanitation? (eg. novel technology, education strategies, policies, collaborations)

Indika
Newbie
Posts: 6
Post Re: Introduction - water and health challenges
on: January 24, 2012, 08:09

Improved sanitation requires providing both hardware(facilities) and software(knowledge, maintenance plan, institutional set-up, etc.). In Sri Lankan context, I would like to emphasize four key reasons for inadequate sanitation and hygiene. First one is poor knowledge on appropriate technologies among the people and ground level officials who are working in government institutions related to water, health and sanitation. The second one is lack of self responsibility to maintain the facilities,and protect water resources. The third one is the complex institutional structure and poor coordination mechanism which has promoted the project approach rather than the program approach. The fourth point is the weaknesses of present monitoring tool of sanitation coverage. Sri Lanka has achieved high sanitation coverage, but it is not the environmentally safe sanitation. Fourth point has been addressed by the innovative solution published at[http://www.solutionsforwater.org/solutions/the-proposed-sanitation-index-to-measure-the-sanitation-coverage-final-version].
These four reasons might be common to many developing countries which has poor sanitation coverage than Sri Lanka.

sarahdicki-
n
Newbie
Posts: 2
Post Re: Introduction - water and health challenges
on: February 2, 2012, 23:49

Very interesting background on the Sri Lankan context and solutions, thanks for posting.
I agree with the need for better science in monitoring water and sanitation. The unimproved/improved sanitation standards used by the UN are a starting point, but more information is needed in many circumstances, such as to assess environmentally safe conditions as you mentioned.

Indika
Newbie
Posts: 6
Post Re: Introduction - water and health challenges
on: February 3, 2012, 06:32

Thank you sarahdickin, Really we are lucky to have good coverage of sanitation facilities in Sri Lanka compared to many developing countries but we have to do much more in order to achieve environmentally safe sanitation and thereby reducing water pollution. Urban sanitation issues in many countries like India, Bangladesh face this water contamination issues due to onsite sanitation facilities. Discharging septic tank effluents and greywater into storm-water drains and surface water bodies are prominent issues related to urban sanitation. So I strongly believe that provision of technology should be based upon sustainable development approaches.

Sajid-
Iqbal
Newbie
Posts: 7
Post Re: Introduction - water and health challenges
on: February 6, 2012, 21:56

Bangladesh is the land of rivers. But unfortunately we are facing and we will be facing serious fresh water crisis in upcoming future due to climate change impacts. Almost 60% of our population depends on agriculture. Agriculture will be worst affected. Millions of lives are now facing water crisis and in future ultimately will face food crisis too. I am so tensed about our rigorous future. We need good technology based adaption methods to overcome.

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